Glossary?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

.htaccess

the default name of Apache’s directory-level configuration file.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.htaccess>

ACL
Access Contol List
Blowfish

a keyed, symmetric block cipher, designed in 1993 by Bruce Schneier.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blowfish_(cipher)>

Browser

a software application that enables a user to display and interact with text, images, and other information typically located on a web page at a website on the World Wide Web.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_browser>

bzip2

a free software/open source data compression algorithm and program developed by Julian Seward.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bzip2>

CGI

Common Gateway Interface is an important World Wide Web technology that enables a client web browser to request data from a program executed on the Web server.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CGI>

Changelog

a log or record of changes made to a project.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Changelog>

Client

a computer system that accesses a (remote) service on another computer by some kind of network.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Client_(computing)>

column

a set of data values of a particular simple type, one for each row of the table.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Column_(database)>

a packet of information sent by a server to a World Wide Web browser and then sent back by the browser each time it accesses that server.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HTTP_cookie>

CSV

Comma- separated values

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comma-separated_values>

DB
look at database
database

an organized collection of data.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Database>

Engine
look at storage engines
extension

a PHP module that extends PHP with additional functionality.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_extension>

FAQ

Frequently Asked Questions is a list of commonly asked question and there answers.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FAQ>

Field

one part of divided data/columns.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Field_(computer_science)>

foreign key

a column or group of columns in a database row that point to a key column or group of columns forming a key of another database row in some (usually different) table.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foreign_key>

FPDF

the free PDF library

See also

<http://www.fpdf.org/>

GD

Graphics Library by Thomas Boutell and others for dynamically manipulating images.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GD_Graphics_Library>

GD2
look at gd
gzip

gzip is short for GNU zip, a GNU free software file compression program.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gzip>

host

any machine connected to a computer network, a node that has a hostname.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Host>

hostname

the unique name by which a network attached device is known on a network.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hostname>

HTTP

HyperText Transfer Protocol is the primary method used to transfer or convey information on the World Wide Web.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HyperText_Transfer_Protocol>

https

a HTTP-connection with additional security measures.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Https:_URI_scheme>

IEC
International Electrotechnical Commission
IIS

Internet Information Services is a set of Internet-based services for servers using 微软 Windows.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_Information_Services>

Index

a feature that allows quick access to the rows in a table.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Index_(database)>

IP

Internet Protocol is a data-oriented protocol used by source and destination hosts for communicating data across a packet-switched internetwork.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_Protocol>

IP Address

a unique number that devices use in order to identify and communicate with each other on a network utilizing the Internet Protocol standard.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IP_Address>

IPv6

IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6) is the latest revision of the Internet Protocol (IP), designed to deal with the long-anticipated problem of its precedessor IPv4 running out of addresses.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IPv6>

ISAPI

Internet Server Application Programming Interface is the API of Internet Information Services (IIS).

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISAPI>

ISP

Internet service provider is a business or organization that offers users access to the Internet and related services.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISP>

ISO
International Standards Organisation
JPEG

a most commonly used standard method of lossy compression for photographic images.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JPEG>

JPG
look at jpeg
Key
look at index
LATEX

a document preparation system for the TEX typesetting program.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LaTeX>

Mac

Apple Macintosh is line of personal computers is designed, developed, manufactured, and marketed by Apple Computer.

. seealso:: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mac>

Mac OS X

the operating system which is included with all currently shipping Apple Macintosh computers in the consumer and professional markets.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mac_OS_X>

mbstring

The PHP mbstring functions provide support for languages represented by multi-byte character sets, most notably UTF-8.

If you have troubles installing this extension, please follow 1.20 I receive an error about missing mysqli and mysql extensions., it provides useful hints.

See also

<https://secure.php.net/manual/en/book.mbstring.php>

MCrypt

a cryptographic library.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MCrypt>

mcrypt

the MCrypt PHP extension.

See also

<https://secure.php.net/mcrypt>

MIME

Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions is an Internet Standard for the format of e-mail.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MIME>

module

some sort of extension for the Apache Webserver.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apache_HTTP_Server>

mod_proxy_fcgi
an Apache module implmenting a Fast CGI interface; PHP can be run as a CGI module, FastCGI, or directly as an Apache module.
MySQL

a multithreaded, multi-user, SQL (Structured Query Language) Database Management System (DBMS).

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MySQL>

mysqli

the improved MySQL client PHP extension.

See also

<https://secure.php.net/manual/en/book.mysqli.php>

mysql

the MySQL client PHP extension.

See also

<https://secure.php.net/manual/en/book.mysql.php>

OpenDocument

open standard for office documents.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenDocument>

OS X

look at Mac OS X.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OS_X>

PDF

Portable Document Format is a file format developed by Adobe Systems for representing two dimensional documents in a device independent and resolution independent format.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portable_Document_Format>

PEAR

the PHP Extension and Application Repository.

See also

<https://pear.php.net/>

PCRE

Perl Compatible Regular Expressions is the perl-compatible regular expression functions for PHP

See also

<https://secure.php.net/pcre>

PHP

short for “PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor”, is an open-source, reflective programming language used mainly for developing server-side applications and dynamic web content, and more recently, a broader range of software applications.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PHP>

port

a connection through which data is sent and received.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Port_(computing)>

primary key

A primary key is an index over one or more fields in a table with unique values for each single row in this table. Every table should have a primary key for easier accessing/identifying data in this table. There can only be one primary key per table and it is named always PRIMARY. In fact a primary key is just an unique key with the name PRIMARY. If no primary key is defined MySQL will use first unique key as primary key if there is one.

You can create the primary key when creating the table (in phpMyAdmin just check the primary key radio buttons for each field you wish to be part of the primary key).

You can also add a primary key to an existing table with ALTER TABLE or CREATE INDEX (in phpMyAdmin you can just click on ‘add index’ on the table structure page below the listed fields).

RFC

Request for Comments (RFC) documents are a series of memoranda encompassing new research, innovations, and methodologies applicable to Internet technologies.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Request_for_Comments>

RFC 1952

GZIP file format specification version 4.3

See also

RFC 1952

Row (record, tuple)

represents a single, implicitly structured data item in a table.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Row_(database)>

Server

a computer system that provides services to other computing systems over a network.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Server_(computing)>

Storage Engines

MySQL can use several different formats for storing data on disk, these are called storage engines or table types. phpMyAdmin allows a user to change their storage engine for a particular table through the operations tab.

Common table types are InnoDB and MyISAM, though many others exist and may be desirable in some situations.

See also

<https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/storage-engines.html>

socket

a form of inter-process communication.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unix_domain_socket>

SSL

Secure Sockets Layer is a cryptographic protocol which provides secure communication on the Internet.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secure_Sockets_Layer>

Stored procedure

a subroutine available to applications accessing a relational database system

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stored_procedure>

SQL

Structured Query Language

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SQL>

table

a set of data elements (cells) that is organized, defined and stored as horizontal rows and vertical columns where each item can be uniquely identified by a label or key or by it?s position in relation to other items.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_(database)>

tar

a type of archive file format: the Tape ARchive format.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tar_(file_format)>

TCP

Transmission Control Protocol is one of the core protocols of the Internet protocol suite.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TCP>

TCPDF

Rewrite of UFPDF with various improvements.

See also

<https://tcpdf.org/>

trigger

a procedural code that is automatically executed in response to certain events on a particular table or view in a database

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Database_trigger>

unique key
An unique key is an index over one or more fields in a table which has a unique value for each row. The first unique key will be treated as primary key if there is no primary key defined.
UFPDF

Unicode/UTF-8 extension for FPDF

See also

<https://acko.net/blog/ufpdf-unicode-utf-8-extension-for-fpdf/>

URL

Uniform Resource Locator is a sequence of characters, conforming to a standardized format, that is used for referring to resources, such as documents and images on the Internet, by their location.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/URL>

Webserver

A computer (program) that is responsible for accepting HTTP requests from clients and serving them Web pages.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Webserver>

XML

Extensible Markup Language is a W3C-recommended general- purpose markup language for creating special-purpose markup languages, capable of describing many different kinds of data.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XML>

ZIP

a popular data compression and archival format.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ZIP_(file_format)>

zlib

an open-source, cross- platform data compression library by Jean-loup Gailly and Mark Adler.

See also

<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zlib>